Below are a sampling of published papers for a variety of eye care studies. Please feel free to contact us for more information about published studies.

Refractive Surgery

Improved contrast sensitivity and visual acuity after wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis: In-depth statistical analysis. Kuang-mon, A Tuan, J Liang. J Cataract and Refractive Surgery. Vol 32. Feb 2006

Ocular Higher-Order Aberrations and Contrast Sensitivity after Conventional Laser In Situ Keratomeuesis. N Yamane, K Miyata, T Samej, T Hiraoka,T Kiuchi, F Okamoto, Y Hirohara, T Mihashi, T Oshika. Invest Ophthal and Vis Sci. Vol 45, # 11, 2004.

Contrast Sensitivity and Glare Disability After Radial Keratotomy and Photorefractive Keratotomy. A Ghaith, J Daniel, R Stulting, K Thompson, M Lynn, MS. Arch Ophthalmol. Vol. 116, 1998

Topography-Guided LASIK Enhancements. A. Kanellopoulos, L. Pe. Cataract and Refractive Surgery Today. Feb 2005

IOL Evaluation

Aspheric intraocular lenses enhance contrast sensitivity. R Montes-Mico and T Ferrer-Blasco. Expert Rev. Ophthalmol. Vol 2 (5), 2007.

Contrast Sensitivity and glare disability after implantation of AcrySof IQ Natural aspheric intraocular lens: prospective randomized masked clinical trial. D Pandita, SM Raj, VA Vasavada, NS Kazi, AR Vasavada. J Cataract Refract Surg. Vol 33 (4), 2007.

Comparison of Contrast Sensitivity after Angle-Supported, Iris Fixated and Posterior Chamber Phakic Intraocular Lens Implantation in High Myopia. A Yu, Q Wang, A Xue, S Zhu, S Wang, Y Chen, J Sun. Ophthalmologica. Vol 222, 2008.

Visual outcomes after bilateral trifocal diffractive intraocular lens implantation. J Carballo-Alvarez, J Vazquez-Molini, J Sanz-Fernandez, J Garcia-Bella, V Polo, J García-Feijoo, J Martinez-de-la-Casa. BMC Ophthalmology. 15:26, 2015.

Cataract Evaluation

Effect of Cataract Type and Severity on Visual Acuity and Contrast Sensitivity. J Heravian, A Derakhshan, A Deneshyar, A Azimi, H Moghaddam, A Yekta, S Hoseini, H Esmaily. Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research. Vol 6(1), 2011.


Evaluation of Contrast Sensitivity, Color Vision and Visual Acuity in Patients with and Without Diabetes. J J Heravian, N Shoeibi, A Azimi, S Yasini, H Moghaddam, A Yekta, H Esmaily. Iranian Journal Ophthalmol. Vol 22 (3), 2010.

Contrast Sensitivity Loss is Coupled With Capillary Dropout in Patients with Diabetes. O Arend, A Remky, D Evans, R Stuber, A Harris. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. Vol 98 (9), 1997.

The Contrast Sensitivity Test in Early Detection of Ocular Changes in the Relation to Type I Diabetes Mellitus Compensation in Children, Teenagers and Young Adults. K Jan, A Michal, B Renata, C IIone, D Zdenek, L Jan, P Konstantinos, S Petr, R Ludmila. Recent Patents on Inflamm Allergy Drug Discovery. Vol 1, 2007.

Quantity and Quality of Vision Using Tinted Filters in Patients with Low Vision Due to Diabetic Retinopathy. N Sadeghpour, A Alishiri, R Ajudani, M Khosravi, M Amiri, O Sadeghpour. J Ophthalmic Vis Res. Vol 10 (4). 2015.


Test-Retest Reliability of the CSV-1000 Contrast Test and Its Relationship to Glaucoma Therapy. G Pomerance, D Evans. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. Vol. 35 (9), 1994.

Hypercapnia invokes an acute loss of contrast sensitivity in untreated glaucoma patients. S Hosking, D Evans, S Embleton, B Houde, J Amos, J Bartlett. Br J Ophthalmol. Vol 85, 2001.

Hemodynamic and Visual Function Effects of Oral Nifedipine in Patients with Normal Tension Glaucoma. A Harris, D Evans, L Cantor, B Martin. Amer J Ophthalmol. Vol 124, 1997.

Improvement of Spatial Contrast Sensitivity Threshold after Surgical Reduction of Intraocular Pressure in Unilateral High-Tension Glaucoma. S Gandolfi, L Cimino, C Sangermani, N Ungaro, P Mora, M Tardini. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. Vole 46 (1), 2005

Contrast Sensitivity Improves Following Brimonidine Therapy in Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma: A Case for Neuroprotection? D Evans, D Gherghel D, J Bartlett, S Hosking . Brit J Ophthalmol. Vol 87, 2003.

Contact Lenses

Comparison of Contrast Sensitivity in Different Soft Contact Lenses and Spectacles. B Boxer Wachler, C Phillips, D Schanzlin, R Krueger. Contact Lens Assoc of Ophthalmol. Vol 25, 1999.

Football players’ contrast sensitivity comparison when wearing amber sport-tinted or clear contact lenses. E Porisch. Amer Optom Assoc. Vol 78, 2007.

Evans Letter Contrast Test (ELCT)

Assessment of Evans letter contrast sensitivity in measuring log contrast sensitivity. P Davey, R Maeda, A Seitz. ARVO Abstract 2015. (Click Here for Poster Presentation)

Multiple Sclerosis

Subclinical Visual Involvement in Multiple Sclerosis: A Study by MRI, VEPs, Frequency-Doubling Perimetry, Standard Perimetry and Contrast Sensitivity. D Sisto, M Trojano, M Vertugno, T Trabucco, G Illiceto, C Sborgia. Invest Ophthal Vis Sci. Vol 46, 2005.

Neurological Disorders

Visual Quality of Life in Veterans With Blast-Induced Traumatic Brain Injury. S Lemke, G Cockerham, C Glynn-Mille, K Cockerham. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2013;131(12):1602-1609.

Ophthalmologic Psychophysical Tests Support OCT Findings in Mild Alzheimer’s Disease. E Salobrar-Garcia, R de Hoz, B Rojas, A Ramirez, J Salazar, R Yubero, P Gil, A Triviño, J Ramirez. J Ophthalmology. 2015.

Sports Vision

Football players’ contrast sensitivity comparison when wearing amber sport-tinted or clear contact lenses. E Porisch. Amer Optom Assoc. Vol 78, 2007.

Macular Degeneration

Double-masked, placebo-controlled, randomized trial of lutein and antioxidant supplementation in the intervention of atrophic age-related macular degeneration: the Veterans LAST study (Lutein Antioxidant Supplementation Trial). S Richer, W Stiles, L Statkus, J Pulido, J Frankowski, D Rudy, K Pei, M Tsipursky, J Nyland. Optometry. Vol 75, 2004


Age-related change in contrast sensitivity among Australian male adults: Florey Adult Male Ageing Study. D Sia, S Martin, G Wittert, R Casson. Acta Ophthalmol. Vol 91(4), 2013

Original Background Studies

Contrast Sensitivity Predicts Age-Related Differences in Highway-Sign Discrimination. David Evans and Arthur Ginsburg. Human Factors. Vol 27(6), 1985.